Infertility is not a recent phenomenon. On the contrary, three of the four biblical matriarchs suffered from infertility. The Torah, or Old Testament, documents in Genesis the suffering of Sarah, Rebecca and Rachel due to infertility. The narrative details much of the human drama in the relationships between the matriarchs and their husbands, and the matriarchs and God. Nowadays couples have access to a range of treatment options, depending on their circumstances. Under Jewish law, medical intervention including IVF is permitted.